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A 56-year-old female presents to the clinic with right posterior leg pain. On examination, there is decreased sensation of the right posterior calf and weakness in right ankle plantarflexion. EMG testing shows fibrillations of the gastrocnemius and gluteus maximus muscles. EMG testing of the tibialis anterior, gluteus medius, and tensor fascia lata were normal. What is the most likely etiology of this patient’s symptoms?
A 55-year-old male with a recent history of losing 50 pounds after gastric bypass is referred to the EMG lab with difficulty walking. He has noticed that his left foot drags occasionally causing him to trip and that he has numbness on the top of his left foot up to the middle of his shin. Which of the following statements is the most accurate based on the EMG findings shown below?
A patient with right leg weakness presents to the neuromuscular lab for electromyography. The image below depicts a spontaneous finding while evaluating the right tibialis anterior muscle. This finding is most consistent with which of the following?
A 68-year-old man presents with word-finding difficulties and speech hesitancy. His wife notices that he struggles to name objects and sometimes mispronounces words. On examination, he can name objects but has significant difficulty repeating long sentences. While his spontaneous speech is slow, it is grammatically correct. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis.
A 4-day-old full-term baby is brought to the hospital for two episodes of generalized stiffening and apnea for less than 1 minute followed by a return to baseline. The physical exam is unremarkable and CTH is negative. The mother reports having similar episodes shortly after birth. What is the most likely cause of the episodes?
Sleep spindles can be asynchronous until what age?
A patient with medically-refractory epilepsy has an MRI brain performed as part of their pre-surgical workup. Based on the imaging provided, what type of seizures is this patient most likely experiencing?
A 38-year-old man with a past medical history of HIV, depression, and asthma presents after experiencing a first-time seizure. He was last seen normal about 45 minutes ago by his husband, who witnessed him seizing for about 10 minutes. A CTH is performed and normal. A lumbar puncture is performed and reveals the findings below. Which of the following is the most likely cause of the patient’s symptoms?
An 8-year-old boy with no significant past medical history is brought to the clinic due to difficulties in school. His mother states that over the past year, she has received multiple phone calls from his teacher about his lack of concentration in class. On multiple occasions when asked a question, the patient would blankly stare at the wall and ignore the teacher, but then would return to his normal, talkative self immediately after each episode. An EEG is ordered, which shows 3 Hz generalized spike and wave discharges. The patient would most likely benefit from a medication targeting what?
An 82-year-old female presents with her family for a 3-year slow decline in memory. On examination, she has a MOCA of 23/30. She does not feel that she has any issues, but her family feels that she has trouble remembering important dates in her life and will repeat stories to them. Despite this, she has lived alone since her husband died 2 years ago and is able to cook, clean, and bathe on her own. She also balances her own checkbook and does her own grocery shopping. According to the DSM-V, this patient meets the criteria for which disorder?
Which of the following direct dopamine agonists are the most effective in the management of severe “off” phenomenon related to chronic levodopa use in the management of advanced Parkinson’s disease?
Which of the following vessels that supply the thalamus typically originates from the posterior communicating artery (PCOM)?
A 27-year-old previously healthy female is seen at the clinic for 5 days of leg weakness. The weakness has progressively been getting worse and now she has difficulty rising from a chair. Her past medical history is unremarkable except for a few days of an upset stomach and diarrhea that occurred two weeks ago. On physical exam, strength is diminished in the bilateral lower extremities. Deep tendon reflexes are 1+ in the lower extremities. A lumbar puncture is ordered. Testing of the cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) in this patient is most likely to show which of the following?
What are the 3 most common causes of bacterial meningitis in neonates (0-1 months)?
Which of the following is not a side effect of topiramate?