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A 30-year-old woman presents to the clinic with severe headaches requesting treatment because she “can’t live with this pain”. Episodes are left-sided, occur multiple times a day, and last about 20 minutes each. During episodes, she will also have eye tearing and rhinorrhea. What is the appropriate therapy?
Which of the following criteria for brain death based on EEG recording is incorrect?
An abnormal breathing pattern described as an initial prolonged inspiratory phase, inspiratory pause, and then incomplete expiration can localize to damage of which of the following regions along the neuraxis?
A 41-year-old female smoker with HTN is admitted to the Neuro ICU after having acute onset worst headache of life, found to have hyperdensity tracking sulcal lines on CTH. Her physical exam is otherwise normal on admission. On the fourth day of admission, she develops acute onset right arm and leg weakness and aphasia. She was last seen well 30 minutes prior. Which of the following is true?
A 42-year-old male presents as a trauma for a large motor vehicle accident. He is comatose, intubated but not sedated, and admitted to the trauma ICU. His brain imaging shows diffuse axonal damage. On examination, his pupils are reactive equally and corneal reflexes are intact, but otherwise, he has no motor response to pain, upgoing plantar reflexes bilaterally. The family asks if the patient is “brain dead”. Which of the following is not part of the confirmatory criteria on the standard brain death exam?
An unresponsive patient with an ischemic stroke is transferred to the intensive care unit. On physical exam, the patient has flexion of the bilateral elbows, wrists, and fingers, but extension of the legs. Where is the stroke most likely located?
You are caring for a 19-year-old male in the neurocritical care unit after drowning. His brain MRI is pending clinical stability. Which finding on brain MRI is most likely after a severe global hypoxic injury?
A pediatric neurology consult was placed for a 5-day-old, full-term newborn with macrocephaly. When formally measured his head circumference was 46 cm. A tense fontanelle was appreciated on examination. A bedside ultrasound was performed and the only abnormality appreciated was significant hydrocephalus. What is the most likely etiology of the patient’s symptoms?
The pathophysiology of the lesion shown in the gross pathologic image below is most likely which of the following?
The pathology shown in the image below is likely due to which of the following?
A patient with an AVM rupture is admitted to the ICU. On exam, the patient has abnormal neck, elbow, and knee extensor posturing, and wrist flexion. In which of the following locations was the AVM most likely located?
A 48-year-old patient with a past medical history of chronic migraines is brought in by her family with sudden-onset memory complaints. She is unable to recall where she lives or even her own name. A brain MRI (Left: DWI. Right: ADC.) is shown below. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis?
A 35-year-old male with a history of intravenous drug use was found unresponsive with a used syringe at his side. After 30 minutes of CPR, there was a return of spontaneous circulation. A CTH was performed (shown below). Which of the following is appreciated on imaging?
A patient who was admitted to the neurology intensive care unit for myasthenic crisis developed ventilatory-associated pneumonia on the fifth day of his hospitalization. On the day following the initiation of antibiotic therapy, there was a significant decline in the patient’s respiratory status. Which of the following antibiotics most likely contributed to the patient’s respiratory distress?
According to Practice Parameters by the American Academy of Neurology, Which of the following is not recognized as a reliable assistive device in accurately predicting a poor outcome in comatose patients after cardiopulmonary resuscitation for cardiac arrest?