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A 40-year-old male with a history of headaches, seizures, and recurrent strokes has a brain biopsy performed to aid in diagnosis. Electron microscopy of his brain tissue shows granular osmiophilic material in the basal lamina of small cutaneous arterioles. What is the cause of this patient’s disease?
A 75-year-old man with a past medical history of hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and diabetes presents with acute onset right arm weakness and speech problems. He can speak fluently and his comprehension is intact. However, he is unable to repeat even simple sentences. Reading and writing are preserved. Which of the following is an accurate description of his speech dysfunction?
A 72-year-old male with diabetes, hyperlipidemia, and tobacco abuse is admitted to the stroke service after he is found to have a left superior middle cerebral artery territory stroke. His EKG on admission showed a normal sinus rhythm. A transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE) is performed. Which of the following findings on TTE would lead to the recommendation of an anticoagulant medication over an antiplatelet medication for secondary stroke prevention?
Which of the following is the reversal agent for dabigatran?
The MR angiogram shown below demonstrates which of the following?
Which of the following is the reversal agent for apixaban?
A 45-year-old man comes into the ED complaining of a severe headache. A spinal tap shows xanthochromia. The patient is treated immediately and spends the next two weeks in the neurocritical care unit. On day nine of his stay, his speech becomes slurred and the neurologist notices that the left side of his face is drooping. What is the class of drugs that could have potentially prevented these findings?
A 26-year-old female with a past medical history of pulmonary embolism presents with seizures and left-sided weakness. She had been complaining about a headache for the past week. An MR venogram is shown below. Which of the following is the next best step in management?
A 90-year-old woman presents to the emergency room with an acute change in mental status. On examination, she is alert but is not answering questions or following commands. Speech is fluent, but not interpretable. Comprehension is severely impaired. Interestingly she was able to repeat full sentences without much difficulty. Which of the following is the most likely territory of ischemic damage?
A 61-year-old male with hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes, and coronary artery disease presents after a sudden onset of headache and difficulty speaking, with left arm and leg weakness. Their blood pressure is 212/105 mmHg, and their blood glucose is 275 mg/dL. You notice aspirin on his medication list. A CTH is performed and is notable for a 25 cc hemorrhage in the right basal ganglia. Which of the following is correct?
A 44-year-old woman who was recently started on a new abortive therapy for her migraines presents with a new type of headache described as more severe and with an extremely rapid onset. CT head imaging revealed no acute findings and lumbar puncture testing was unremarkable. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis?
A 65-year-old right-handed man presents with acute onset speech difficulties, a mild right-sided facial droop, and right-sided arm weakness. While talking to his wife over breakfast this morning he suddenly stopped speaking and could only make unintelligible sounds. On examination, he is unable to speak any words but has intact comprehension. He is able to write clearly what he wants in full sentences with intact grammar and reading is also preserved. Which of the following best describes his language deficit?
Which of the following medications is associated with the occurrence of reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS)?
Which of the following comorbidities are responsible for the lesion appreciated in the image below?