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Which of the following is the chemoreceptor trigger zone for vomiting?
Hyperammonemia is a side effect seen with which of the following antiepileptic drugs?
A 37-year-old retired nurse is being evaluated in the emergency room for excessive diarrhea. She has been in the emergency department multiple times in the past for similar complaints and diagnostic testing has repeatedly been unremarkable. While casually talking to the nursing staff, the patient accidentally knocks over her purse and several bottles of laxatives fall out. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis?
A 62-year-old male with a past medical history of hypertension, type 2 diabetes, and dyslipidemia presents with a stepwise progression of worsening forgetfulness over the last three years. Physical examination reveals a score of 20/30 on the Mini-Mental State Examination with deficits in multiple cognitive domains. Hyperreflexia in the left upper and lower extremities is also appreciated. Her axial FLAIR sequence brain MRI scan is shown. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis?
A 10-month-old male with no significant past medical history has had a 2-month history of abnormal movements. The family describes these events as head drops and head-turning. On examination, horizontal nystagmus is appreciated. MRI revealed no abnormal findings. What is the most likely diagnosis?
Which of the following is seen on muscle biopsy in patients with steroid myopathy?
A 45-year-old man comes into the ED complaining of a severe headache. A spinal tap shows xanthochromia. The patient is treated immediately and spends the next two weeks in the neurocritical care unit. On day nine of his stay, his speech becomes slurred and the neurologist notices that the left side of his face is drooping. What is the class of drugs that could have potentially prevented these findings?
A 61-year-old male with a past medical history of GI cancer status post gastric resection at age 57, consequently on parenteral nutrition, presents to your clinic for a second opinion. He complains of slow movements and rigidity in his arms and legs that have slowly progressed over the last year. He denies tremors or cognitive change. He saw a different neurologist who started him on carbidopa/levodopa 6 months ago but the response has been minimal and he continues to get worse. You decide to perform a brain MRI and you see bilateral hyperintensity of the globus pallidi on the T1-weighted image. What treatment should you add?
The pathology shown in the image below is most consistent with which of the following?
A 50-year-old Caucasian woman with no past medical history is admitted to the psychiatric hospital after trying to jump from a moving bus. She reports the other passengers were laughing at her in their minds, and trying to steal her thoughts. Upon arrival to the psychiatric floor, she is witnessed to have sudden left eye deviation with right arm twitching for a few seconds before turning her head, screaming loudly, and falling to the floor with full-body convulsions, lasting 2 minutes.
You, the attending neurologist, are consulted to help evaluate. On exam she is easily distractible, looking to the corners of the room for security cameras. You contact her husband who states she has never had any problems like this before, but she has gone downhill over the last 3 weeks, forgetting people and places, repeating herself, and acting strangely.
Lab evaluation reveals normal CBC, BMP, TSH, T4, free T4, and T3. The comprehensive drug screen is negative. MRI brain w/ and w/o contrast is normal appearing. Lumbar puncture is with 18 cmH20 opening pressure, 0 WBCs, 1 RBC, 50 protein, and 55 glucose. The autoimmune panel is sent and anti-microsomal antibodies are elevated. What is the most likely diagnosis at this time?
What type of tumor is showcased in the pathologic image below?
A patient with a recent history of ischemic stroke with almost no residual focal deficits except for a mild right-sided facial droop presents to the emergency room with altered mental status. Vital signs are only impressive for a low-grade fever. CT head and CTA show no acute changes when compared to imaging completed for his initial stroke. Blood work shows thrombocytopenia, anemia, and renal failure. A severe drug reaction is suspected. Which of the following medications is most likely the cause of this clinical presentation?
A 7-month-old girl with a past medical history of hypotonia, weight loss, and failure to thrive is brought to the clinic by her parents. An MRI was performed and T2 sequence images from this study are shown below. What is the most likely diagnosis?
389 Patients who had acute unilateral optic neuritis were enrolled between 1988-1991 in a study and followed for 15 years to assess their risk for developing multiple sclerosis (MS). They found that the probability of developing MS within 15 years was 50%. What type of study was this?