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A 46-year-old male with a 2-month history of progressive headache and behavioral changes presents to the ED after experiencing a first-time seizure. An MRI was performed and shown below. A brain biopsy confirmed the diagnosis when it found pseudopalisading necrosis and microvascular proliferation. Which of the following treatment(s) is the standard of care for this patient?
Deep brain stimulation has been effective in the management of Parkinson’s disease when it targets which of the following structures?
A 30-year-old woman with well-controlled epilepsy with lamotrigine monotherapy comes to the clinic today stating that she and her husband are planning to start a family. Which of the following statements is most correct regarding her clinical situation?
What is the mechanism of action of dabigatran?
A 65-year-old right-handed man presents with acute onset speech difficulties, a mild right-sided facial droop, and right-sided arm weakness. While talking to his wife over breakfast this morning he suddenly stopped speaking and could only make unintelligible sounds. On examination, he is unable to speak any words but has intact comprehension. He is able to write clearly what he wants in full sentences with intact grammar and reading is also preserved. Which of the following best describes his language deficit?
A patient with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) most likely has which of the following findings on electromyography (EMG)?
A 58-year-old female with a history of atrial fibrillation on warfarin presents to the ED with aphasia and right-sided weakness. She was last seen well 2 hours prior. CT imaging is unremarkable. Which is the most appropriate next step?
Which of the following medications increase the risk of contraceptive failure in patients taking estrogen-containing oral contraceptive pills (OCPs)?
A 65-year-old woman with a past medical history of hypertension presents with recent onset of bilateral eye discomfort and diplopia. She states that she is unable to completely close her eyes. On exam, pain is elicited when testing extraocular movements. Visual acuity and visual fields are unremarkable. MRI of the brain reveals excessive peri-orbital subcutaneous tissue bilaterally. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis?
An 83-year-old man with a history of Parkinson’s disease is brought to the office with worsening hallucinations. She says that she sees things around the house and is starting to get paranoid that their neighbors are spying on them. Which of the following medications would help this patient’s symptoms?
This muscle biopsy is most consistent with which myopathic disease?
The trochlear nucleus sends nerve fibers to which of the following muscles?
A 42-year-old woman presents to the clinic with a 2-month history of distal symmetric hand weakness that started after hospitalization for severe abdominal pain. Before this hospitalization, she was drinking alcohol with her friends when she acutely developed severe abdominal pain, nausea, restlessness, altered mental status, and hallucinations. She was noted to have dark urine at the time of admission. Since then, her GI symptoms and mentation have returned to baseline, but her weakness has persisted. On exam, she has 3/5 strength of the intrinsic muscles of the hand bilaterally. Conduction velocities of the bilateral upper extremities were unremarkable. Needle EMG revealed fibrillations and decreased recruitment of motor unit action potentials in muscles innervated by the radial and ulnar nerves. Which of the following is the most likely cause of the patient’s symptoms?
Which of the following EEG patterns is typically seen over the age of 50?
Narcolepsy is associated with which of the following HLA alleles?