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A 33-year-old woman has recently given birth to a healthy 3-month-old boy. She has been complaining of poor sleep for the past year, mainly from an uncontrollable urge to move her legs that is only relieved by moving them. This is present during the day to a small degree but is much worse at night and during periods of rest. What would be the best test to order for her?
Which of the following is the first abnormal EMG/NCS finding seen in a patient with carpal tunnel syndrome?
Mild cases of carpal tunnel syndrome will have which of the following findings on electromyography (EMG)?
Based on the EEG shown below, how old is this patient?
Which of the following criteria for brain death based on EEG recording is incorrect?
A 14-year-old male is referred to the neurology clinic by his PCP with the complaint of bilateral hearing loss. Neurological examination shows a sensorineural hearing loss. Multiple hyperpigmented lesions on the chest and back were also appreciated. An MRI of the brain was ordered that showed bilateral posterior fossa lesions. Genetic testing would reveal a mutation on which chromosome?
A 38-year-old woman with a history of gastric bypass begins taking over-the-counter supplements that are intended to promote hair and nail health. After several months, she begins to experience paresthesias in her legs and has several falls. She is referred to a neurologist. On examination, she is noted to have non-length-dependent severe loss of vibration sensation in her legs, loss of pain and temperature distally in a length-dependent pattern, and spastic tone with hyperreflexia in her lower extremities. Additionally, her gait is wide-based and a Romberg’s sign is positive. Which of the following treatments is most likely to prevent further neurologic deterioration?
The EEG pattern shown below is most consistent with which of the following?
A 15-year-old boy with a past medical history of ADHD presents with odd behaviors including shrugging his shoulders and blinking frequently. His mother also states that he used to have some similar movements when he was younger, but they seem to have worsened since starting a new medication for his ADHD. Which of the following medications is most likely responsible for his symptoms?
A 7-month-old girl with a past medical history of hypotonia, weight loss, and failure to thrive is brought to the clinic by her parents. An MRI was performed and T2 sequence images from this study are shown below. What is the most likely diagnosis?
A 38-year-old female presents to the clinic with episodes of facial pain. She reports episodes of sudden severe and debilitating sharp pain on her right face lasting a few seconds to a couple of minutes. These seem to be triggered by eating or lightly touching the face. Outside of these episodes, she is pain-free. She does not endorse any associated rhinorrhea, lacrimation, or facial flushing. What is the likely cause of her symptoms?
Which of the following EEG patterns is typically seen over the age of 50?
A 50-year-old man presents with slowly progressive cognitive decline and personality changes. Over the past several months, he has been having trouble remembering the names of relatives/close friends and he has also become more apathetic. He is known to have trisomy 21. His exam is notable for memory deficits, but no rigidity or tremor. What is the name of the region of the brain that synthesizes the neurotransmitter that is decreased in this patient’s disease?
Per the American Academy of Neurology guidelines, which of the following diagnostic tests should be included in the routine evaluation of the demented patient?