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Which of the following blood vessels that supply the thalamus is the only one to branch off of the posterior communicating artery (PCOM) instead of the posterior cerebral artery (PCA)?
A 45-year-old man presents to the clinic with a disc of the following MRI. Which symptom is the patient likely experiencing?
Lesion to which area of the brain causes impairment in naming, fluency, and repetition with intact comprehension?
A 73-year-old male with a past medical history of hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and atrial fibrillation presented to the emergency room with an acute onset of language difficulties. On examination, his speech is nonsensical but fluent. He is unable to understand commands, but repetition is intact. Which of the following best describes this patient’s aphasia?
You are caring for a 65-year-old that sustained a small hypertensive intracranial hemorrhage. Early physical therapy is initiated. They discover that while she can sit unassisted, she is unable to stand. When standing, she sways and falls forward, backward, or to one side. On a detailed physical exam, strength is 5/5 to flexion and extension at the ankle, knee, hip, shoulder, elbow, and wrist bilaterally.
Which of the following locations of the bleed best explains this finding?
Socially inappropriate behavior, disinhibition, echopraxia, and utilization behavior are typically seen in which of the following?
A lesion to which of the following neuroanatomical structures causes dysphagia, decreased gag reflex, and hoarseness?
A 45-year-old female presents as a trauma for an unhelmeted motorcycle accident. She has sustained significant blunt head trauma, and CTH shows hydrocephalus caused by edematous mass effect compressing the fourth ventricle. Which of the following shows the correct directional flow of CSF in a normal individual?
Which of the following nuclei of the hypothalamus is involved in temperature regulation?
Which of the following best describes the clinical features seen in transcortical motor aphasia?
A 56-year-old male presents with unusual behavior of compulsive eating and inappropriate sexual gestures. On exam, the patient has difficulty keeping his hands to himself and is distracted by the objects in his bed. A lesion in which area(s) of the brain would explain this syndrome?
An MRI is ordered on a man with a known history of ischemic stroke and bilateral upper extremity weakness. Which of the following was the most likely cause of his ischemic injury?
Which of the following is the chemoreceptor trigger zone for vomiting?
Which of the following is not part of Gerstmann’s syndrome?
An 87-year-old male presents with a 2-year history of worsening cognitive decline and speech difficulties. Brain MRI reveals multiple chronic cerebral infarcts. The neurological exam reveals adequate comprehension and fluency but naming was impaired. What is the most likely diagnosis?