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A 27-year-old woman presents with recurrent episodes of tinnitus, vertigo, and hearing loss. She denies any associated headaches. Episodes typically last between 2 and 6 hours in duration. MRI of the brain with and without contrast did not reveal any pathology. Physical examination is unremarkable except for sensorineural hearing loss appreciated in the right ear. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis?
A 22-year-old female with chronic daily headaches and other neurological symptoms has an MRI performed as part of her diagnostic workup. Her cervical MRI imaging is provided below. In addition to her chronic daily headaches, what are the most likely additional neurological symptoms she experiences?
Which of the following medications is the most effective in the management of PTSD-associated nightmares?
A 4-month-old male with no significant past medical history was admitted to the epilepsy monitoring unit with episodes concerning for possible seizures. The family has noticed that events tend to occur when the child is angry. One episode is captured during his stay. The first symptoms appreciated were excessive crying followed by loss of tone and a few myoclonic jerks for 20 seconds. The patient then rapidly returned to baseline thereafter. There were no epileptiform discharges seen during this episode. Based on the most likely diagnosis, what is the most appropriate next step in management?
A 50-year-old female presents with altered mental status. Her family states that over the past couple of weeks, the patient has had progressive memory loss, mood changes, and poor judgment. On examination, the patient has involuntary arm movements and an exaggerated startle response. Brain MRI, DWI sequence, is shown below. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis?
A 65-year-old mechanical engineer presents with increasing word-finding difficulties. He is particularly concerned that he is forgetting the names of people, places, and objects. On examination, he has difficulty naming objects when shown (i.e. keys, watch, etc.). Otherwise, his speech is fluent. A SPECT scan shows hypometabolism in the left anterior temporal lobe. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis?
A 61-year-old male with hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes, and coronary artery disease presents after a sudden onset of headache and difficulty speaking, with left arm and leg weakness. Their blood pressure is 212/105 mmHg, and their blood glucose is 275 mg/dL. You notice aspirin on his medication list. A CTH is performed and is notable for a 25 cc hemorrhage in the right basal ganglia. Which of the following is correct?
Which of the following has the longest half-life?
A 42-year-old woman with major depressive disorder and anxiety who has recently completed treatment for gambling addiction presents with a unilateral upper extremity resting tremor and the feeling that she is “stiff all of the time”. Her husband remarks that she has become much more soft-spoken lately and that five years ago she began acting out her dreams. Which of the following medications should be avoided in this patient?