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An 82-year-old female patient with a history of atrial fibrillation is brought to the emergency department after being found down at home. She is unable to move her extremities, although she is able to blink and move her eyes vertically. Occlusion of which artery/arteries is the most likely cause of her symptoms?
A patient with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis presents to the emergency department with a new headache, confusion, and vision loss. A T2 sequence from their MRI is shown below. Lumbar puncture is positive for JCV in the CSF. What is the mechanism of action of the disease-modifying therapy most likely to be attributed to this clinical scenario?
Which of the following blood vessels that supply the thalamus is the only one to branch off of the posterior communicating artery (PCOM) instead of the posterior cerebral artery (PCA)?
A 64-year-old female with no significant past medical history presents to the clinic because of concerns related to her memory. She states that she has difficulty recalling names and recent conversations. She had a planned retirement two years ago and was functioning well at work at that time. She continues to live alone and is independent with her basic and instrumental daily life activities. Depression screening is negative, but she scores a 27/30 on the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MOCA), with deficits in delayed recall. Her neurological examination is otherwise non-focal. What is the most likely diagnosis?
What is the mechanism of action of dabigatran?
What is the mechanism of action of apixaban?
A 34-year-old female with poorly-controlled type 2 diabetes presents to the ED with a 3-day history of sinus and orbital pain, fever, and headache. Four hours ago, she was feeling confused and dizzy, which prompted her to come to the hospital. A head CT scan is performed and it shows erosion of the nasal bones and obliteration of the sinuses. Biopsy of antral tissue shows fungal hyphae. What is the most likely diagnosis?
A 24-year-old with a history of a motor vehicle accident and a broken leg is referred to the EMG lab with a left leg foot drop. Based on the EMG table outlined below, where is the most likely site of neuronal injury?
An MRA is ordered for a patient presenting with an acute stroke. Based on the lesion appreciated in the image below (white arrow), what symptom is likely to be seen on examination?