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A 58-year-old woman presents with worsening memory loss and a 50-pound weight gain over the past six months. On neurological exam, her Mini-Mental Status Examination (MMSE) yields a score of 21/30. She has intact sensation, normal muscle bulk, tone, and strength, but diffuse hyporeflexia. Which of the following is most likely the diagnosis?
A 26-year-old female presents with unilateral vision loss. She says that she noticed the symptoms upon awakening yesterday morning and has gotten progressively worse since then. On neurological examination, she has 20/70 visual acuity of the left eye and 20/20 of the right. There is a left afferent pupillary defect (APD). Extraocular movements are intact but cause pain. What is the most appropriate treatment?
A 37-year-old female with a past medical history of acne, obesity, anxiety, and fibromyalgia presented to the emergency room with a severe headache, papilledema, and visual disturbances. MRI shows an empty sella and MRV was normal. Symptoms started two weeks after her primary care physician initiated a new medication. Which of the following was the most likely medication initiated by the primary care physician?
A 7-month-old girl with a past medical history of hypotonia, weight loss, and failure to thrive is brought to the clinic by her parents. An MRI was performed and T2 sequence images from this study are shown below. What is the most likely diagnosis?
A newborn male is evaluated in the NICU for a lesion on his lower back. He was born to a mother with no prenatal care at 37 weeks gestation. Imaging of his lower back shows the meninges and spinal cord herniated through the defect, covered in a membrane. His condition could have most likely been prevented through prenatal supplemental with what?
A 31-year-old female with depression, anxiety, and migraines presents to the ED for altered mentation. On arrival, she has a temperature of 41 degrees Celcius, HR 130, and a systolic blood pressure of 190. On exam, she is diaphoretic and agitated, with increased tone, hyperreflexia, shivering, and dilated pupils.
You call her family who states that the patient has a hard time keeping down a job, frequently moving from state to state. She has had a number of different psychiatrists over the years, and you, therefore, are unable to find a comprehensive medication list. In her purse, she has a pill bottle of sertraline, with 85/90 pills remaining.
Which of the following other medications is this patient likely taking?
A 75-year-old patient is brought by her husband because of word-finding difficulty. On cognitive testing, the most impressive finding was that the patient couldn’t recall many colors of the rainbow. Based on this finding, what kind of memory is most impaired?
Uncal herniation compressing on the structure marked below (black arrow) would lead to which of the following symptoms?
The thalamus and hypothalamus are derived from what embryonic structures?
A 36-year-old woman was recently started on natalizumab for management of her multiple sclerosis. Over the next several months, she develops progressive weakness, incoordination, and speech disturbances before passing away six months after initiating natalizumab. Testing for which of the following pathogens should have been performed prior to natalizumab initiation to prevent this outcome?