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Which of the following nuclei of the hypothalamus is involved in temperature regulation?
Which of the following is the most likely cause for the gross pathology shown in the image below?
A 22-month-old girl presents with her mother for abnormal movements and loss of milestones. The mother describes the patient frequently and repetitively squeezes and twists her hands, and has lost some of her developmental milestones including fine motor skills and verbal speech. She has stopped walking as well. On examination of growth curves, her head circumference percentile appears to have fallen off of the curve. The patient has no other past medical problems, no past trauma, or past infections, and had been developing normally up until now. Of the following, which is most likely true?
Opsoclonus-Myoclonus Syndrome (OMS) is associated with which autoimmune antibody?
The usage of bupropion increases the risk of which of the following?
A 38-year-old woman with a history of gastric bypass begins taking over-the-counter supplements that are intended to promote hair and nail health. After several months, she begins to experience paresthesias in her legs and has several falls. She is referred to a neurologist. On examination, she is noted to have non-length-dependent severe loss of vibration sensation in her legs, loss of pain and temperature distally in a length-dependent pattern, and spastic tone with hyperreflexia in her lower extremities. Additionally, her gait is wide-based and a Romberg’s sign is positive. Which of the following treatments is most likely to prevent further neurologic deterioration?
Which of the following medications is effective in the treatment of myotonia?
A 46-year-old male with a 2-month history of progressive headache and behavioral changes presents to the ED after experiencing a first-time seizure. An MRI was performed and shown below. A brain biopsy confirmed the diagnosis when it found pseudopalisading necrosis and microvascular proliferation. Which of the following treatment(s) is the standard of care for this patient?
Which of the following is the resting membrane potential of a neuron?
Chronic exposure to which of the following medications can cause the pathology appreciated on the pathology slide below?
A 57-year-old male with an unknown past medical history who recently immigrated from South Asia presents to the emergency department with new-onset skin lesions on his arms. On physical exam, the patient has two large, erythematous lesions with a clearly demarcated but flat border. The nerves around these lesions appear thickened. Biopsy of the lesions shows epithelioid cell granulomas and few bacteria. What is the most likely diagnosis?
Which of the following antiepileptic drugs can induce myoclonic seizures?
Which of the following arteries is the first branch of the internal carotid after it enters the cranial cavity?
An 8-month boy is brought to the pediatrician by his parents with the chief complaint of muscle weakness and poor feeding. The boy’s parents recently emigrated from Latin America where they didn’t have good access to medical care. Physical examination is concerning for hepatomegaly and hypotonia. A muscle biopsy was completed and shown below. What is the most likely diagnosis?
Per the American Academy of Neurology guidelines, which of the following diagnostic tests should be included in the routine evaluation of the demented patient?