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Anti-Ma2 autoantibodies are most commonly associated with which of the following tumors?
You are consulted to the psychiatric hospital to see a 48-year-old female with schizophrenia who has been under psychiatric care for 2 weeks after ingesting hundreds of pennies over a prolonged period. You are asked to address her new complaints of numbness in her feet and trouble walking. On exam, she had a broad-based gait and a positive Romberg. What could explain these findings?
Which of the following is the genetic mutation commonly seen in patients with hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsy (HNPP)?
A 20-year-old female presents with complaints of 2 years of excessive daytime sleepiness and brain fog during the day. She reports sleeping is unrefreshing. In the morning she has difficulty waking up and feels an uncontrollable desire to go back to sleep. She denies difficulty staying asleep during the night and denies episodes of suddenly collapsing in stressful situations. She had a polysomnogram where she slept for 12 hours, had 4 apneic episodes per hour, had REM sleep onset latency of 7 minutes, and did not have sleep-onset REM periods (SOREMPs). Which of the following is her diagnosis?
A 35-year-old male presents to the neurology clinic for the management of seizures. The patient reports having focal to bilateral tonic-clonic seizures (FTBTC) since the age of 15. His seizures are usually preceded by the smell of burning rubber. He will then have left hand automatisms followed by whole-body tonic-clonic activity. Levetiracetam monotherapy was initially effective. However, 1 year ago seizures returned, occurring once every two months. Lacosamide was added 6 months ago but there has been no significant improvement in his seizure frequency. Levels of these two anti-seizure medications (ASMs) are therapeutic and there have been no concerns regarding medication adherence. What is the most appropriate next step in management?
A 26-year-old female with a past medical history of pulmonary embolism presents with seizures and left-sided weakness. She had been complaining about a headache for the past week. An MR venogram is shown below. Which of the following is the next best step in management?
Which of the following symptoms is unlikely to be caused by a lesion in the cavernous sinus?
An 11-month-old male is brought to the emergency room with agitation, fever, and nuchal rigidity. A review of the patient’s electronic medical record shows that the patient was admitted with meningitis 2 months ago. While no clear focal neurological symptoms were appreciated on examination, there was a midline dimple appreciated in the lumbosacral region. Which of the following is the most likely etiology of the patient’s recurrent illness?
A 27-year-old woman comes to the clinic for a routine checkup. She appears shy and does not make much eye contact. She mentions that she doesn’t have many friends because feels like she doesn’t deserve them and is fearful of rejection. She has had some depressive episodes in the past, but “does not want to bother anyone” about it. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis?
Deep brain stimulation has been effective in the management of Parkinson’s disease when it targets which of the following structures?
A 30-year-old female with a past medical history significant for acne, migraine without aura, and depression presents to the emergency room with severe recurrent headaches. She says the headaches come on quickly and only last a couple of minutes but are debilitating. CTH was normal. A CTA head and neck was performed which showed segmental artery narrowing in the proximal MCA territory. Which of the following medications was the most likely trigger of this patient’s presentation?
A 65-year-old male with a history of alcoholic cirrhosis presents to the emergency department with dark black coffee-ground emesis. He is found to have a systolic blood pressure of 76/40 and is tachycardic to 120 BPM. Which nerve is most responsible for carrying the afferent fibers from carotid sinus baroreceptors that cause the reflex increase in heart rate seen in this patient?
You are interested in initiating tetrabenazine for a patient with refractory chorea. You should educate the patient that this medication carries a black box warning for which of the following?
A 38-year-old man presents with a 1-year history of neck pain and left upper extremity weakness. The symptoms started insidiously, and have slowly worsened over time. A sagittal cervical spine MRI is shown below (Left: T2 without contrast. Right: T1 with contrast). Which of the following is the most likely cause of his symptoms?
What anatomical structure is the most common location for a Mycobacterium tuberculosis-related CNS infection?