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A 24-year-old woman presents to the ER with a one-day history of diplopia. On examination, the patient has right internuclear ophthalmoplegia. On further discussion, she describes an episode of left lower extremity numbness about 2 years ago that resolved after a few weeks on its own. An MRI of her brain and spinal cord was ordered. Findings included a T2 hyperintense contrast-enhancing lesion in the pons, as well as non-contrast enhancing T2 hyperintense lesions in periventricular and juxtacortical regions as well as in the thoracic spinal cord. What is the next step to confirm her diagnosis?
The axial T2 brain MRI image shown below is from a 20-year-old man who presented to the hospital after experiencing a motor vehicle accident. Which of the following associated findings would be expected given the abnormality shown?
Which of the following is the mechanism of action of prazosin?
What is the earliest NCS/EMG abnormality found in AIDP?
A 41-year-old female smoker with HTN is admitted to the Neuro ICU after having acute onset worst headache of life, found to have hyperdensity tracking sulcal lines on CTH. Her physical exam is otherwise normal on admission. On the fourth day of admission, she develops acute onset right arm and leg weakness and aphasia. She was last seen well 30 minutes prior. Which of the following is true?
A 27-year-old female with a history of cataracts and an unknown family history was referred to the neurology clinic for excessive daytime sleepiness. On examination facial weakness and grip myotonia were appreciated. Genetic testing revealed a mutation in the DMPK gene. Based on her diagnosis, which of the following tests should be performed annually?
Which of the following findings is depicted in the vessel imaging shown?
Which of the following vessels that supply the thalamus typically originates from the posterior communicating artery (PCOM)?
This muscle biopsy is most consistent with which myopathic disease?
A 78-year-old male with no past medical history presents to the ED with left-sided hemiparesis and slurred speech at 9 AM. She is unable to provide a clear clinical history. She was noted to be found at 7:30 AM in bed with the above-stated symptoms. Her husband states that the patient went to bed at 10:00 PM the previous night without any symptoms. CT head shows no blood or hypodensities, and CTA head/neck reveals a right MCA occlusion. Her NIHSS is 17. Which of the following treatment options is the most appropriate next step based on the available data?
The thalamus and hypothalamus are derived from what embryonic structures?
A 49-year-old female has had a 6-month history of difficulty swallowing and weight loss. On examination, she has generalized muscle loss. On strength examination, she has 3/5 proximally and 4/5 distally in the bilateral upper extremities. There are normal tongue movements and a normal jaw jerk reflex. Deep tendon reflexes in the bilateral upper extremities are normal and sensation is intact. An EMG is performed and outlined below. What is the most likely diagnosis?
Which is the following findings on EMG is suggestive of a chronic neurogenic lesion?
EMG abnormalities in which of the following muscles can not localize to the brachial plexus?
Which of the following genetic abnormalities is most common in the pathology shown in the image below?