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Which of the following nuclei of the hypothalamus is involved in temperature regulation?
Which of the following best describes the clinical features seen in transcortical motor aphasia?
A 45-year-old female presents as a trauma for an unhelmeted motorcycle accident. She has sustained significant blunt head trauma, and CTH shows hydrocephalus caused by edematous mass effect compressing the fourth ventricle. Which of the following shows the correct directional flow of CSF in a normal individual?
You are asked to evaluate a patient in the neurointensive care unit who is comatose and has had a somatosensory evoked potential performed. Which of the following is most suggestive of a poor prognosis for this patient?
Which of the following areas, if selectively lesioned, would cause an error with voluntary vertical saccades with spared horizontal saccades and sparred occulocephalic vertical reflex?
Which of the following vessels that supply the thalamus originates from the P2 segment of the posterior cerebral artery and supplies the lateral geniculate nucleus?
A 75-year-old woman with HTN presents with sudden memory deficits and a change in emotional regulation. She is found to have a lacunar infarct, and you feel a disconnection of the Papez circuit may explain her symptoms. Which of the following is not considered a part of the Papez circuit?
Which of the following arteries supplying the thalamus provides supply to the lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN)?
Cytotoxic edema would be best appreciated on which of the following MRI sequences?
Paraphasic and semantic errors in speech can occur secondary to a lesion in which of the following regions?
Which of the following is the primary source of norepinephrine in the brain?
What is the anatomical structure marked by the blue arrow?
Lesion to which area of the brain causes impairment in naming, fluency, and repetition with intact comprehension?
An 18-year-old male is brought to the clinic by his mother due to a 3-month history of personality changes. She states that during this time he has become increasingly rude and aggressive toward her. She also states that he was fired from his summer job last week after trying to steal from his boss. His father’s medical history is unknown. On examination, the patient has an ataxic gait and bradykinesia. His mental status exam shows impaired memory and language regression. Genetic testing of this patient would most likely show what?
A 24-year-old patient had a severe unhelmeted motorcycle accident and despite best efforts by medication providers, he passed away two days later. An autopsy was performed. Identify the structure marked by the white arrow.
Which of the following vessels that supply the thalamus originates from the P2 segment of the posterior cerebral artery and supplies the medial geniculate nucleus?
Which of the following anatomic structures is responsible for the perception of superficial light touch?
Which of the following genes is associated with Wilson’s disease?
A 5-year-old boy is seen in the clinic for seizures, vision loss, and progressive loss of milestones. MRI of the brain shows a posterior predominant leukodystrophy. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis?
An 80-year-old woman with uncontrolled HTN presents to the ED with symptoms upon awakening of left hemi-sensory loss, last seen well 8 hours prior. MRI is done and shows a lateral thalamic lacunar stroke. The small branch affected in this lacune is most often a branch of which major artery?
A 38-year-old man with long-standing migraines was recently hospitalized for an unprovoked seizure. Upon further questioning, the patient admits to a strong family history of headaches and early strokes. A brain MRI is completed and a T2 sequence image is shown below. This patient likely has a mutation in which of the following genes?
What is the typical brainstem auditory evoked response (BAER) finding with cortical hearing loss?
What is the anatomical structure labeled “C” below?
Which of the following is the first branch of the internal carotid artery once it enters the skull?
An 87-year-old male presents with a 2-year history of worsening cognitive decline and speech difficulties. Brain MRI reveals multiple chronic cerebral infarcts. The neurological exam reveals adequate comprehension and fluency but naming was impaired. What is the most likely diagnosis?