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A 30-year-old female with no known past medical history comes to the emergency room after a generalized tonic-clonic seizure. Her friend says that she has been behaving oddly over the past couple of days and has been complaining of a headache. An axial T2 brain MRI is shown below. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis?
An 11-year-old female presents with worsening stiffness. She had no complications while in utero or at birth, yet ever since she started kindergarten she noted to have stiffness in her feet and ankles, which worsens by the end of the day. She eventually started to notice modest stiffness in the legs and mild stiffness in the neck. She underwent physical therapy for this and remained stable. Over the last 2 years, however, the symptoms have been worsening. Which of the following next steps is most indicated?
A 31-year-old male comes to the clinic for evaluation of recurrent nightmares after returning from a tour of duty with the military two months ago. He is unable to concentrate on his new desk job and flinches every time he hears a door close. While once an avid bowler, he no longer goes to the bowling alley because the sounds of the pins falling remind him of bomb explosions. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis?
A 13-year-old male with a recent history of acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) presents to the clinic for post-hospital follow-up. He has made a near-complete recovery from his illness but his parents want to know what is his risk of recurrence. What is the most accurate statement you can share with the parents?
While on the consult service you are called to see a patient from the surgical ICU whose hospital course has been complicated by a prolonged episode of ventricular tachycardia and hypoperfusion. After a return to spontaneous circulation, an MRI is performed due to concerns for ischemic stroke. MRI shows bilateral parietal-occipital hyperintensities on diffusion-weighted imaging consistent with watershed infarcts. Once he recovers from his cardiac event, what neurologic symptoms would you expect based on the MRI findings?