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Which of the following is not a recommended screening test for cognitive dysfunction?
A 69-year-old male presents to the clinic with his wife who states that for the past 10 months the patient has become increasingly slow and more clumsy with daily activities. He has also been complaining of dizziness, especially in the morning when he first gets out of bed and has fallen once in the past month. On physical exam, it is observed that the patient has a 21 mmHg drop in systolic blood pressure when going from a sitting to a standing position. A brain MRI is ordered and shows a cruciform hypointensity in the pons. What is the most likely diagnosis?
A 65-year-old right-handed man presents with an acute onset of aphasia. CT scan of the head was normal but the MRI revealed multifocal small acute and subacute ischemic strokes in multiple vascular territories. A cerebral angiogram was performed as part of the diagnostic workup. Based on the clinical history and imaging provided what is the most likely diagnosis?
A 75-year-old female with a past medical history of atrial fibrillation and hypertension presents to the ER with garbled speech. She seems unaware that her speech is nonsensical. On physical exam, she is unable to follow verbal commands but can understand visual cues. An ischemic injury is suspected. If this is true, a brain MRI would show which of the following areas of the brain is/are affected?
A 78-year-old male with no past medical history presents to the ED with left-sided hemiparesis and slurred speech at 9 AM. She is unable to provide a clear clinical history. She was noted to be found at 7:30 AM in bed with the above-stated symptoms. Her husband states that the patient went to bed at 10:00 PM the previous night without any symptoms. CT head shows no blood or hypodensities, and CTA head/neck reveals a right MCA occlusion. Her NIHSS is 17. Which of the following treatment options is the most appropriate next step based on the available data?