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Patients with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) classically have which of the following associated with their disease?
This brain biopsy is representative of which of the following tumors?
Brain metastases are most likely to have arisen from which primary source?
A 49-year-old woman with recurrent episodes of vertigo and has an MRI brain performed at the request of her neurologist. Imaging reveals a well-circumscribed dural-based homogenous contrast-enhancing lesion. What is the most likely etiology of the lesion outlined above?
A 12-year-old patient with neurofibromatosis type I is found to have a cerebellar cystic mass with a mural nodule and contrast-enhancing rim after presenting with symptoms of increased intracranial pressure. The lesion was surgically resected and an example of the pathologic findings is shown below. What is the most likely diagnosis?
An MRI is performed on a 40-year-old man after experiencing his first unprovoked seizure. The lesion appreciated on the MRI T2 sequence shown below is most likely which of the following?
A 10-year-old girl is brought to the clinic with a 1-month history of progressive clumsiness. Neurological examination shows significant bilateral ataxia. Imaging was performed and showed a midline lesion in the 4th ventricle. A biopsy was performed and shown below. Based on the most likely diagnosis, what is the most appropriate treatment plan?
A 30-year-old male presents with progressive dysphagia over the last month. Head imaging is completed and shown below. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis?
A 46-year-old male with a 2-month history of progressive headache and behavioral changes presents to the ED after experiencing a first-time seizure. An MRI was performed and shown below. A brain biopsy confirmed the diagnosis when it found pseudopalisading necrosis and microvascular proliferation. Which of the following treatment(s) is the standard of care for this patient?
An 8-year-old girl presents to the emergency room with a one-week history of progressive ataxia and headache. An MRI was performed and shown below. A biopsy was performed and Homer-Wright rosettes were found. What is the most appropriate treatment for this lesion?
Optic nerve glioma is associated with which of the following diseases?
A 1p/19q co-deletion is associated with which of the following tumors?
A previously healthy 14-year-old female presents to the emergency room after experiencing a trip and fall where she hit her head. She returns to baseline, but out of caution a CT head and subsequent MRI brain are performed in the ED. What is a potential complication caused by this lesion seen in this MRI?
A 25-year-old male with a history of sensorineural hearing loss and tinnitus has an MRI brain ordered as part of his workup (see below). A genetic syndrome is suspected. Which of the following is also likely to be found on imaging?
A patient with a history of low back pain had an MRI of their lumbar spine completed as part of their workup. The T2 FLAIR image of the lumbar spine MRI is shown below. What is the most likely diagnosis?
Which of the following primary CNS tumors carries the highest risk of disseminated metastatic disease through the spine via CSF seeding?
An 8-year-old child with a past medical history of tuberous sclerosis presents urgently to the emergency room with lethargy. Funduscopic examination shows blurring of the optic discs. An MRI is performed and shown below. Which of the following is the most likely cause of the patient’s symptoms?
A 45-year-old female presents to the emergency room after experiencing a first-time seizure. On examination, she has some mild RUE weakness and anomia. MRI w/o contrast was performed and shown below. Which of the following is the likely cause of her lesion?
What type of tumor is showcased in the pathologic image below?
A 65-year-old male is brought in by his daughter due to progressive headache and memory difficulties. MRI of the brain was ordered and is shown below (Left: T2 FLAIR, Right: T1 with contrast). A biopsy of the lesion would most likely reveal which of the following?